Biphasic Mesothelioma: All The Things You Need To Know

Mesothelioma is known as the cancer of the organ linings. A relatively rare type of tumor, most of its forms are malignant and are known to spread to multiple organs, ultimately causing death in the process. Depending on the form of the tumor cells, mesothelioma can be classified into 2: epithelial and sarcomatoid. But there is one type of this cancer that combines these 2 types of cells to create a whole new cancer altogether: biphasic mesothelioma. What are the various things you need to know about this illness, and what are the ways in which you can treat it?
Biphasic Mesothelioma: All The Things You Need To Know

When a Mesothelioma Case is Biphasic: Pathology and Symptoms


What is the cause of such a terrible disease, one must ask himself/herself. It can be caused by different factors, but this is most commonly caused by inhalation of asbestos. This element, a common component for fire-proof construction materials, can decompose into microscopic fibers which when inhaled, can puncture the organs such as lungs, stomach, and heart. These fibers would then stay there for years or even decades. The body’s immune system then reacts to these fibers causing the production and eventual accumulation of cells. As these cells accumulate, tumors develop. And these tumors would eventually become cancerous.

What are the symptoms of a biphasic mesothelioma cancer? There are no specific symptoms associated with mesothelioma, but most who suffer from this condition experience pain. As non-specific as it is, pain is the primary symptom of this disease. Pain usually comes from the area of the afflicted organ. It’s caused by the continued swelling (and subsequent bumping into the body cavity) of the mesothelial lining of the organ. Also, symptoms related to the weakening (and eventually failure) of the host organ is an additional sign of mesothelioma.

How Is Biphasic Mesothelioma Diagnosed and Treated?


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Diagnosis for mesothelioma in general has proven to be difficult. This is because the tumor cells as well as its way of spreading are identically similar to that of other types of cancers. In addition, the symptoms associated with these cancers only emerge when they are on their advanced malignant stages. Currently, diagnosis can be done using different means. One of the most effective ones is thru biopsy. Taking a sample from the affected organ, this tissue sample will be checked for the presence of tumors. After the presence of tumors is confirmed, a definite biphasic mesothelioma prognosis can be made.

Treatment for this condition is nowhere close to being easy. The usual first option done for these tumors is to surgically remove them. If either that is not possible and/or the tumor is found to be highly malignant, the treatment is going to progress thru chemotherapy and radiotherapy. This intensive process is designed to treat these tumors at the quickest way possible and to prevent further spreading. The prognosis can either improve or worsen depending on the response of both the patient and the tumors to the treatment. Right now, no complete cure is invented, and average life expectancy after diagnosis of biphasic mesothelioma is pegged between a few weeks to at most, 5 years.
Biphasic Mesothelioma: All The Things You Need To Know